5. You haven’t figured out your “number” yet.
Do you know exactly how much liquid assets you’ll need to carry yourself through retirement? If you can’t answer ‘yes’, chances are you’re not ready for the golden years.
Nickel, the anonymous blogger behind Five Cent Nickel, takes a slightly different approach than basing future needs on your current income:
“Start by estimating your post-retirement expenses. Average it out across a year. From there, estimate what sort of investment returns you’ll be able to generate — yes, you’ll need a crystal ball for this.
“From there, divide that rate (as a decimal) into one to find your multiplier. So, for example, if you think you can generate 4% real returns (i.e., 4% returns after accounts for inflation, so more like 7% nominal returns) then you’ll need 25x your annual expenses (1 / 0.04 = 25). If you think you’ll only be able to generate 3% real returns, then you’ll need 33x your expenses. And so on.”
6. You’ll miss being challenged.
“The people who do retirement right are the ones who say, ‘I seem busier now than I was when I was working,’” says AARP‘s Budd.
“It’s when you stop challenging yourself, or get in a rut, that retirement can be un-fulfilling,” he says. “A lot of people define themselves through their work, and when that work is suddenly gone — when you feel like you don’t have a purpose or an identity — it can be jarring.”
As for proof that activity keeps retirees healthier and happier, Budd points to a Johns Hopkins University study that found volunteers who tutored struggling students in reading and math improved brain plasticity and delayed age-related neurological decline.
7. You’re swimming in credit card debt.
Retiring with a significant load of credit card debt is rarely a wise route to take, says John Ulzheimer, president of SmartCredit.com.
“When it comes to credit card debt you absolutely have to get out of it before you hang up your company badge,” Ulzheimer says. “It’s very likely the most expensive debt you’re carrying at 13% to 15% [interest] on average, and twice that in some cases. No retirement nest egg can guarantee that kind of growth.”
Think about it. For every dollar you save toward retirement, you could be paying that or more on interest on credit debt.
“It’s much easier to pay off debt with employment income than it is with retirement income, such as a pension, dividends, interest or Social Security,” he adds. “You’re much more nimble while you’re working than you are in retirement, and you certainly don’t want to come out of retirement to address debt that you knew about before you retired in the first place.”
8. You’ve prioritized finances over fulfillment.
“People spend most of their time planning their finances for retirement, but not their fulfillment in retirement,” Budd says.
“We once profiled a man who decided that for the first year of retirement he would do whatever he wanted,” he says. “So he went for long walks, he skimmed the newspaper online, he sat in Starbucks and read Grisham novels.”
The takeaway? Try a phased retirement plan, Budd says. You might start by paring down your work schedule to part-time work and then possible moving on to volunteer work afterward.
9. You haven’t planned your will yet.
In a 2011 study by RocketLaywer.com, more than half of Americans admitted they hadn’t written a will yet — including 44% of those aged 45-64.
Without a plan in place, you could leave your estate’s future in the hands of squabbling family members or your state, which would appoint an administrator to handle everything.
“(A will) enables you to start thinking about issues like whether you have the right insurance coverage, life insurance, and ways of replacing your lost income,” RocketLawyer founder Charley Moore said.
This is doubly important for gay spouses, as states that don’t recognize gay marriages would pass over spouses in favor of next of kin.
This is an update of a piece that previously ran.