NASA is launching the Maven mission to our red neighbors in order to figure out what happened to the water that used to flow on Mars. The planet is now cold and has a desert-like environment and NASA is sending the Maven spacecraft to orbit the planet to examine whether the water was absorbed by the planet’s crust or released through the atmosphere.
It will take 10 months for the ship to reach Mars’ orbit and scientists will observe the planet for at least one year beyond that. Maven stands for ‘Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN’ and it will focus on the Red Planet’s loss of atmosphere and climate change over the years.
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