Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently

by Gary Gordon | April 8, 2014 4:17 pm

Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently

In 2008, President George W. Bush expressed regret for an ill-conceived 2003 speech aboard the USS Intrepid in front of a “Mission Accomplished” banner. The blunder? The declaration of victory in the initial battle and the subsequent celebration came a mere month into the war. Consequently, every setback for years afterwards reminded the country that the ousting of Iraq’s dictator had not necessarily achieved the ultimate goal: make the world a safer place.

Last week, the White House trumpeted enrollment of 7.1 million sign-ups for health care insurance through government exchanges. Yet when did the mission of the Affordable Health Care Act (ACA) morph into an accounting of web site activity?

It is not as though 7.1 million uninsured individuals signed up. Five-and-a-half to six million people lost health insurance coverage due to new ACA rules (myself included); millions of these individuals migrated to a plan via exchanges, while others remain uninsured.

In the same vein, is the ACA making the most of trillions in tax revenue when as many as half of enrollment participants pick the existing government-funded health program (Medicaid)? Celebrating enrollment numbers is premature when higher quality, more affordable health coverage has yet to materialize, and when the reduction of the uninsured has been modest at best.

Nevertheless, significant presidential decisions have not always impacted the markets adversely. After all, the 2003-2007 bull market stampede for stocks occurred in direct concert with the initial decision to invade Iraq in March of 2003. In fact, stocks popped roughly 10% in the first few weeks of the initial invasion.

Moreover, health care has been one of the best performing sectors since the passing of the ACA in March of 2010.

XLV and SPY 4 Years Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently[1]

On the other hand, there is one political hot topic that may impact a president’s legacy as well as a country’s financial markets: unemployment. Many in the media recently ballyhooed the recovery of all of the private sector jobs that had been lost in the “Great Recession.”

Never mind that it has taken six years; never mind that three-quarters of 2013’s net new jobs were part-time positions. And why do many ignore the fact that the number of working-aged individuals in the labor force is always growing?

Millions upon millions of jobs up-and-above where we currently stand were required, just to keep the labor force participation (i.e., actual employment) at a steady percentage. Instead, the U.S. remains at employment levels from 1978.

Why bring up employment trends now? Isn’t the economy on firm footing with 192,000 net new jobs in March from Friday’s recent Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) report? Not exactly.

Indeed, the stock market’s recent bout of selling may be reflecting the uncertainty. For one thing, the number demonstrated little excitement beyond the same-old “slow-grow.” The idea that a springtime acceleration would occur after the winter’s thaw never came to fruition, as the job growth was merely in line with the average seen in 2013.

A peek inside the report also offered several “undesirables.”

First, average hourly wages pulled back in March. Lower wages hinder the ability of workers to spend. In the same vein, a broader measure of unemployment known as the U-6 rate, which includes part-timers who desire full-time work as well as those who have given up looking for work, actually increased from 12.6% to 12.7% in March.

Again, these are not friendly figures for consumption, and likely play a role in the vicious selling of SPDR Select Sector Consumer Discretionary (XLY[2]).

XLY 50 200 Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently[3]
Okay, so the economy is not exactly gaining steam, but it’s hardly breaking into pieces either. Stocks did fine in the “muddle-through” economy in 2012 and 2013. What’s different about 2014 than the previous two years? The Federal Reserve has telegraphed a year-end intent to complete its controversial creation of electronic dollars (a.k.a. quantitative easing or “QE”) to stimulate the economy.

In other words, if the economy can only generate 175,000-200,000 net new jobs per month, many of which are low-paying, many of which are part-time, then can the economy really succeed without Federal Reserve stimulus?

Volatility (VIX[4]), while hardly overwhelming, is on the rise again. Meanwhile, Vanguard Extended Duration Treasury Bond (EDV[5]) continues to climb higher.

VIX 50 200 Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently[6]

EDV 50 200 Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently[7]Granted, some of the stock pressure is attributable to traders who are cashing in their chips on momentum names in biotech, social networking and alternative energy. Still, with a higher-than-usual level of earnings warnings and concerns about revenue, some investors fear that companies may not be capable of selling their products and services at a fast enough clip to justify current stock prices.

Some of my momentum-oriented positions have hit protective stop-limit orders in client accounts. For the most part, however, my largest holdings held up nicely.

We hold positions such as First Trust Tech Dividend (TDIV[8]), iShares USA Minimum Volatility (USMV[9]) and iShares Small Cap EAFE (SCZ[10]).

TDIV 50 200 Why Employment Data Affects Stock And Bond ETFs Differently[11]

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Disclosure StatementETF Expert is a web log (”blog”) that makes the world of ETFs easier to understand. Gary Gordon, MS, CFP is the president of Pacific Park Financial, Inc., a Registered Investment Adviser with the SEC. Gary Gordon, Pacific Park Financial, Inc., and/or its clients may hold positions in the ETFsmutual funds, and/or any investment asset mentioned above. The commentary does not constitute individualized investment advice. The opinions offered herein are not personalized recommendations to buy, sell or hold securities. At times, issuers of exchange-traded products compensate Pacific Park Financial, Inc. or its subsidiaries for advertising at the ETF Expert web site. ETF Expert content is created independently of any advertising relationship.

Endnotes:
  1. [Image]: http://www.etfexpert.com/etf_expert/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/XLV-and-SPY-4-Years.gif
  2. XLY: http://studio-5.financialcontent.com/investplace/quote?Symbol=XLY
  3. [Image]: http://www.etfexpert.com/etf_expert/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/XLY-50-200.png
  4. VIX: http://studio-5.financialcontent.com/investplace/quote?Symbol=VIX
  5. EDV: http://studio-5.financialcontent.com/investplace/quote?Symbol=EDV
  6. [Image]: http://www.etfexpert.com/etf_expert/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/VIX-50-200.png
  7. [Image]: http://www.etfexpert.com/etf_expert/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/EDV-50-200.png
  8. TDIV: http://studio-5.financialcontent.com/investplace/quote?Symbol=TDIV
  9. USMV: http://studio-5.financialcontent.com/investplace/quote?Symbol=USMV
  10. SCZ: http://studio-5.financialcontent.com/investplace/quote?Symbol=SCZ
  11. [Image]: http://www.etfexpert.com/etf_expert/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/TDIV-50-200.png

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