How is it possible that one donut maker’s stock can be up 79% for the past six months, while another donut maker’s shares are still right where they were six months ago? They’re not making tablet PCs or cancer treatments, for cryin’ out loud! How different can donuts be?
But the numbers don’t lie. Krispy Kreme Doughnuts (NYSE:KKD) shareholders are loving the way their investment soared in the latter part of last year, while Dunkin Brands (NASDAQ:DNKN) owners have to be frustrated at holding a lame duck for too long.
Well, as it turns out, donuts and donut shops aren’t just a commodity after all. There’s quite a bit of room for these two seemingly similar names to differentiate themselves from one another.
That freedom has allowed Dunkin Donuts to get left in the dust.
What Krispy Kreme Is Doing Right
While the recent performance from KKD shares has been impressive, it’s also irrelevant if the company itself can’t actually justify more of the same in the future. To that end, there are a handful of factors that have fanned (and should continue to fan) the bullish flames.
- Compelling growth plans: Krispy Kreme reports it’s going to grow from 240 U.S. stores to 400 stores by the year 2017 — a 70%-plus increase in the number of shops under its domestic umbrella. The number of international stores should ramp up from 500 to 900 during that same span.
- Smarter menu: There’s no denying that Krispy Kreme’s donuts are delicious. There’s also no denying that its core market — the United States — is much more health-conscious now than it was just a few years ago. To keep itself marketable, the company has added healthier items like oatmeal and smoothies to the menu.
- Earnings growth: Nothing spells success quite like profits, and KKD has plenty of ‘em, with more on the way. Though the 2008 recession hit the donut company’s bottom line as hard as it hit anyone else’s, Krispy Kreme has shaken the setback off in spades. Per-share earnings have grown from a 16-cent loss in 2008 to a profit of 31 cents per share in fiscal 2012. The pros are looking for a bottom line of 50 cents per share for 2013.
It’s all bullish, but it’s the last item — earnings growth — that confirms the outfit is doing the most important thing any food service organization can do: keep customers coming back.
What Dunkin Brands Is Doing Wrong
To give credit where it’s due, Dunkin Donuts is growing sales, too. But there’s still something lacking when compared to its primary competitor.
- Slowing revenue growth: As of the latest forecasts, Dunkin Brands was on pace to pump up the top line by 6.2% for 2012. That’s roughly the same growth pace we’ve seen from the company since 2007. Krispy Kreme’s historical sales growth isn’t much different, but its top-line growth is starting to measurably accelerate now. In fact, KKD’s sales outlooks might be too modest given the company’s growth plans.
- Tepid earnings growth: Despite its modestly rising revenue, Dunkin Donuts isn’t turning much more of that cash flow into a profit (aside from big one-time accounting add-ins). It indirectly suggests the company isn’t getting much bang for its operating buck, and/or is missing the mark with customers in the stores. Indeed, DNKN has seen its annual free cash flow fall from above $200 million a couple of years ago to somewhere around $130 million now. That doesn’t leave much wiggle room, and might explain why the company so frequently dips into the red ink.
While analysts and accountants mentally separate the two factors working against Dunkin Brands, they both ultimately point to the same set of problems: too much spending, and not enough selling.
None of this is to say Dunkin Brands is a lost cause. It’s growing, too, as well as (finally) adding healthier options to its menu. The company says that this year alone, it’s aiming to open up to 360 new stores — a big number. Problem is, it only represents about a 5% increase in the company’s store count. There’s also no guarantee that expansion will actually beef up the bottom line, given the struggles the company’s been dealing with.
One also has to believe that the company’s only semi-related Baskin-Robbins operation, as well as its packaged coffee business, are more of a distraction than they’re worth. Throw in the fact that DNKN shares are trading at a rather frothy 23 times forward-looking earnings, and it’s hard to make the case for owning this stock.
On the flipside — and just in the interest of embracing reality — Krispy Kreme shares have been a little too hot for their own good over the past three weeks, popping from $9.25 to $11.49 (a 24% surge) during that time on rumors that it’s a potential acquisition target. It’s the kind of move that will invite profit-taking sooner or later, especially considering KKD is now priced at about 21 times its earnings forecast. We’ve yet to see any real profit-taking pressure, but all the same, interested newcomers might not want to dive in at what are likely to be short-term highs.
Still, Krispy Kreme clearly can excite the market in a way Dunkin Brands can’t.
For some industries, like tablet PCs or pharmaceuticals, there’s always more to the story, and the story is never easy to tell. That’s not the case with the donut industry, though — what you see is what you get.
If Krispy Kreme looks and acts like the better company, that’s because it is.
As of this writing, James Brumley did not hold a position in any of the aforementioned securities.